Climate change is real, and its impacts are overwhelming, particularly in developing countries.
This paper examines how adaptation plans can be built in order to enhance the climate resilience
in the agricultural sector. Data were collected from the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) experts
through the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Massive Open Online
Course (MOOC) on national adaptation planning in the agriculture sector. The data were
analysed by manual coding. The findings from the analysis indicate that increasing temperature
variability and changes in the level of precipitation will adversely affect the poor, such as fishers,
farmers, cattle breeders, and communities depending on forest products as well as women and
indigenous people. And this will, in turn, lead to an increase in poverty, a rise in food insecurity,
alteration of the nutrition, unemployment, and conflicts and violence within poor communities
leading to forced displacement and migration. The findings from this study outline measures that
can be taken to build adaptation plans to reduce the magnitude of the impacts of climate change.