Micronutrients are known to play an important role in the metabolism and physiological
activities of the human body. Micronutrient malnutrition, resulting from dietary deficiency of
important minerals such as zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe), is a widespread food-related health problem.
Iron, zinc, iodin and vitamin A deficiencies are most prevalent micronutrient deficiencies and
unfortunately, more than 3 billion people affected in the world. Iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn)
deficiencies rank 9th and 11th, respectively, among 20 most important nutritional deficiencies
worldwide which risk factors conducing to global burden of disease. Sesame is rich sources of
micronutrients and contribute to combating malnutrition caused by micronutrient deficiency. The
objective of this study was evaluated the genetic variation in Fe and Zn content of sesame in 13
Turkish accessions. Fe content varied between 39.8 mg kg^-1
(Mugla-Ortaca) and 62.23 (Ozberk82)
. The Zn content value varied between 13.92 and 28.49 mg kg^-1. The highest value
obtained from Adana-Yumurtalik 2 accession, while the lowest value obtained from Baydar2001
commercial cultivar. In conclusion, considerable variation was found in Fe and Zn content
of some Turkish sesame accessions. Significant variation was observed among the sesame
accessions in Fe and Zn content.